Nature and History in the Klamath Basin

The Great Depression and World War II

Death by Balloon Bomb

After the bombing of Pearl Harbor drew the United States into World War II, West Coast residents feared other attacks from airplanes or submarines lurking off-shore. Some coastal cities imposed black-outs from dusk to dawn.

Few feared danger from the winds that sweep across the planet from Japan to North America. Yet the Jetstream, flowing eastward in a double arc at speeds reaching 300 miles per hour, carried a weapon that took the only lives lost due to enemy action on the continental United States during the war.

On Saturday morning, May 5, 1945, Archie Mitchell, the pastor of the Christian and Missionary Alliance Church in Bly, Oregon, drove his wife Elsye and five children who attended his Sunday school on a fishing trip near Gearhart Mountain. Elyse, five months pregnant and feeling carsick, got out with the children to walk down to Leonard Creek while Archie parked up the road. “Look what we found, dear,” she called out. Then there was a terrible explosion.

A fragmentation bomb, carried across the ocean in a paper balloon filled with hydrogen, blasted Elyse and the children into the air, killing them all. A second explosion startled the pastor as he rushed to the scene. He burnt his hands trying to stop fire from consuming his mangled wife’s clothes, but it was hopeless: she died from her wounds.

When the military arrived, they found four incendiary bombs, delivered by the same balloon, and deactivated them. The FBI and the military already knew about the airborne bombs, but they kept this information from the general public, informing only school principals, police, clergy, and other authorities. The coroner listed the cause of death as “an explosion from an undetermined source.”

Of the thousands of balloon bombs the Japanese launched into the river of air, only several hundred have been found. After the war, Sakyo Adachi, the Japanese meteorologist who had advocated balloon warfare, visited the Mitchell Recreation area, left a wreath on the monument there, and expressed his condolences.

© Stephen Most, 2003. Updated by OHP staff, 2014.

Related Oregon Encyclopedia Articles

Related Historical Records

Blackout, WWII
Blackout, World War II

In order to comply with World War II blackout rules, people covered or painted over the upper part of car headlights.  During the war, Oregonians genuinely feared a Japanese invasion.  The production capacity of Portland’s shipyards made it a likely target.  The blackout rules were intended to ...

Japanese balloon bomb in flight
Death by Balloon Bomb

After the bombing of Pearl Harbor drew the United States into World War II, West Coast residents feared other attacks from airplanes or submarines lurking off-shore. Some coastal cities imposed black-outs from dusk to dawn.

Few feared danger from the winds that sweep across the planet from Japan to North ...

War Memorial, Lake County

This monument was erected at the Mitchell Recreation Area in the Fremont National Forest, Lake County, Oregon in memory of Elyse Mitchell and five children who were killed on May 5, 1945 by a Japanese balloon bomb.  After a U.S. attack on Tokyo, April 18, 1942, Japanese military ...


PREVIOUS SECTION
War Relocation Authority Camp at Tule Lake

During World War II, the U.S. War Relocation Authority (WRA) built ten concentration camps for Japanese Americans. One of these covered 1,100 acres of Klamath Project lands. The government raised 1,000 buildings within a month, incarcerating 18,000 Japanese Americans within Tule Lake.

Read More...

NEXT SECTION
Farming Tule Lake

John Staunton’s father was a West Virginia stockbroker who came to the dry climate of this region for his health. As a veteran of World War I, Edward “Web” Staunton applied for a Klamath Project homestead. It was 1929. The New York stock market crashed, wiping Staunton out, and he became a full-time farmer.

Read More...


This entry was last updated on Oct. 17, 2017